Most pregnant patients are generally healthy and need not be denied dental treatment solely because they are pregnant. However, even a healthy pregnancy causes major changes in maternal anatomy, physiology and metabolism. These can include changes in the cardiovascular, respiratory and gastrointestinal systems, as well as changes in the oral cavity and increased susceptibility to oral infection. Although these adaptations of maternal organ systems are normal, they do necessitate consideration and adjustments in treatment by any dentist who is providing oral health care and prescribing medications for the patient. This article discusses the various changes that occur during normal pregnancy and suggests modifications in dental management that should be considered.
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On completion of this module you will be able to discuss the various changes that occur during normal pregnancy and suggest dental management modifications to the patient.