Epilepsy is a common chronic neurological disorder characterised by recurrent unprovoked seizures. These seizures are transient signs and/or symptoms of abnormal, excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain. About 50 million people worldwide have epilepsy, with almost 90% of these people being in developing countries. Epilepsy is more likely to occur in young children, or people over the age of 65 years; however, it can occur at any time.
- After working through this article you should be able to:
- describe the diagnosis of epilepsy.
- describe the treatment of an epileptic fit.
- discuss when an epileptic patient should be referred to hospital.
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